Economic Reform and Readjustment


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Economic Reform and Readjustment:

            China was one of the poorest countries sixty years ago. It is now the second richest country in the world, only second to the United States. Part of the reason for this growth is because of the economic reforms and readjustments the Chinese government took. The Chinese economy shifted from a communist market to that that embodied some capitalist ideas like free market. The changes were brought through the readjustment and reform period, where changes were made to improve the Chinese economy. The Chinese reforms and readjustments are examples of the effectiveness of policy reforms done to bring about economic prosperity.

Policy reforms

Agriculture decollective and household responsibility system

Reform programs were initiated experimentally during the readjustment period. The most successful of them was the contract responsibility system of agriculture production. It was suggested by the Chinese government in 1979 as a way for the poor rural communities living in arid and mountainous areas to increase their incomes. The system allowed individual units of families to work on a piece of land for profit, in return for delivering a set amount of farm produce to the collective at a given price. The arrangement created an incentive for farmers to reduce production costs and increase their productivity.  They produced more because they could get more money for it. A reward system was established that encouraged productivity. Due to its success the responsibility system was adopted by very many farm units in all sorts of areas.

During the reform period of the country, the contract responsibility system of the country was adopted in the entire country, and the commune structure was largely dismantled (Reforms of the Economic System, Beginning in 1979, 2010).

Agriculture was also rejuvenated by the encouragement to form free farmers market in urban areas and the country side. These allowed some families to operate as specialized households. These made the specialized households devote their energy in producing scarce commodities or services for profit. This in turn increased variety in the market and led to new innovations.

Privatization

In the 1980’s private enterprises and free market activities were legalized and encouraged. However the central government had to fight continuously with the local government agencies to stop them from imposing excessive taxes on independent merchants.  (Reforms of the Economic System, Beginning in 1979, 2010)

“Opening up” special economic zones

The most conspicuous symbols of the foreign trade’s new status were the four coastal special economic zones created in 1979. This was a zone established to give foreign investment special treatment. Three of the four zones were located in one province.  The province name was Guangdong which was next to Hong Kong. The cities where the economic zones where located were Shenzhen, Zhuhai and Shantou. The fourth city Xiamen was located in Fujian province. This was directly across the Taiwan straight. More significant to Chinese economic development was the creation of economic development zones in fourteen of the largest coastal towns in 1984. This included Tianjin, Shanghai and Guangzhou all of which were major industrial and commercial zones. These zones provided productive exchange between major Chinese economic networks and foreign firms with advanced technology (Joseph 2010).

Foreign trade and commerce

The role played by foreign trade increased drastically during the reform period. Before the reform period the combined value of exports and imports seldom exceeded 10% of the national income. In earlier periods china was determined to achieve self sufficiency. They restricted external trade. Under Deng Xiaoping the then President of China, foreign trade was regarded ass an important source of investment funds and modern technology. Therefore restrictions on trade were loosened, and foreign investment was legalized. The most common foreign investments were joint ventures between Chinese units and foreign firms. Sole ownership by foreign investors became legal (Joseph 2010).

China had been for long an attractive investment. This was because of its rich history, mineral wealth and its large population which provided a good market for selling goods and cheap labour. All they needed to do was to open their markets and investors would flood in. by opening up to foreigners gained in sectors like technology where new one s were introduced. They also learned about more efficient and effective means of production.

Domestic commerce was also stimulated by the reform policy. The reform policy explicitly endeavored to enliven the economy by shifting the primary burden of allocation of goods and services from the government plan to the market. This was a more efficient means of allocating resources. This was demonstrated by the reduction of shortages in the market and an increase in variety.

Conclusion

            The policy reforms that China implemented contributed a great deal the economic development of the country. They facilitated the exploitation of resources which were enormous in the country. They opened up trade and improved business. They established a reward system that encouraged hard work and innovation. In conclusion the policy reforms done by the Government of China go a long way to demonstrate the impact of such policies to the economy if implemented well.

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Obesity among U.S kids


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Obesity among U.S kids:

Abstract

Obesity has an antonym called anorexia, which is vaguely defined as lack of appetite resulting in the inability to eat unlike obesity which is caused by either surpassing the food intake limit or eating the wrong foods. Obesity among kids in the U.S has become a norm that a lean bodied kid raises eyebrows. We are in the 21st century where mothers do not house sit but have to work to cater for their family and themselves thus fast food joints can be listed among the best inventions ever and just like any other inventions; they have ramifications, obesity being in the list.

 

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Cybersecurity


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Cybersecurity between the Government and the Private Sector:

 Abstract:

Governments around the world are faced with new demands, expectations and the responsibility to catch up with the ever growing technological world. Global technology gets revolutionized with each passing day and this necessitates the need to conform to this reforms. Nowadays, governments need to be fast, streamlined and tech-enabled so that they can keep up with the changes that occur in the technological world. This is due to the fact that, with the increasing technology, there are a lot of other activities that come with it. This includes a number of cyber crimes. Security of its citizens is one of the core elements that any government should look into. Therefore, the issue of cybersecurity should be well handled by the government. Interferences in websites can emerge from within or without the country and the government should be in a position to contain the situation in both instances. This paper will discuss why non-government information exchange system is the best method to use in sharing cybersecurity information between the government and the private sector

Conclusion

Therefore, it is the responsibility of any country to ensure that a proper system of sharing information is in place so that important data may be interfered with and also to guarantee its citizens the security that they require.

 

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Writing a dissertation


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A dissertation is an author’s research and findings presented as a document in support of one’s candidature for an academic program or other professional qualification. It is mainly applied for doctorate programs. In some countries, it is the same as a thesis.

The components of a dissertation include (1)Title page (2)The Abstract (3) Table of contents (4)The Body. The body has many components including Introduction, the literature review and the results. It has a bibliography and then finally, the reference section. Dissertations try to explain their purpose, the methodologies applied and the research findings. In the introduction part, one seeks to introduce the topic, giving explanations as to why he chose that subject.

In the literature review section, one must review the relevant literature to add weight to his basis of argument. In the methodology section, one seeks to explain how he plans to execute the research and why he plans to use such tools of execution. In the results (findings) section, one outlines the outcomes of his research.

The results are further analyzed and discussed in detail using facts from literature review at the Analysis and discussion section. Then finally, there is the conclusion part where one summarizes his research findings.

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APA Research Paper


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A research paper involves wide reading from various sources on a particular topic and noting down the results of your investigation. In writing a research paper one needs to choose a topic and browse the relevant information. The thesis statement must be stated at this point before arranging your outline.

The thesis statement is written in one sentence and the subsequent portions of your essay should be able to support and defend it. At the introduction, the thesis must be stated and the purpose of the research paper clearly defined. One should explain briefly the major topics he to be covered in your paper. In the body prove your point through factual arguments.

In the conclusion, reframe your thesis and summarize your arguments. Each page should have a header, page number, font 12, and in Times New Roman. It has four sections: Title page, Abstract, Main Body, References. In the title page, we have the paper’s title, author’s name, the institution. Subsequent pages after the title page should have the running head.

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APA Term Paper


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APA is short for American Psychological Association; an organization, which has elaborated a set of referencing rules for different fields of study for instance, education, business, various social studies and, naturally, psychology.

An APA term paper is a particular piece of writing  that requires to be formatted and referenced in full accordance to the specifications, set by American Psychological Association. A term Paper written in accordance to APA specifications meets the following requirements:

  • It should be necessarily typed on a standard sheet of paper;
  • It should have double spaces all over the document;-unless intructed otherwise
  • Your paper should have 1 inch margins on each side;
  • Your final term paper should have as many sections as appropriate, each section beginning with a separate sheet.

The paper should also contain the following elements:

  • Running head (must include a 1-2 word version of the term paper title). The page number and the running head are to be separated with a 5-spaced interval.
  • page numbers (they are to be located in the upper right-hand corner of each page);
  • Abstract (a 100-120 word description of your essay, summing up its main points and clearly stating the main idea of the essay. The abstract section should immediately follow the title page, the very word “Abstract” should be centered, and paragraph should follow).
  • Headings (they are not absolutely necessary, but preferable. When putting together a heading, don’t forget to capitalize every letter of it, with the exception of articles, short prepositions and conjunctions)
  • Visuals (visuals should be as simple as possible, having a clear label, followed with an Arabic numeral; and include the title of the visual. The label and its title should be positioned on separate lines above the table. Below the table the source is required)

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Admission essay


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This is an essay or a written statement by an applicant, often a prospective student applying to some college, university or a graduate school. The application essay is a common requirement in an admission process to any university and college.

In some applications, one or more assays may be required to be completed while others make the essays optional. Common essay topics range from very specific to open–ended and they include academic strengths and weaknesses, past experiences and reasons for applying to a particular school. The assignments given in this regard depending on the topic assigned range from a personal statement, an admission essay and an application essay.

The major application used for undergraduate admissions essays by many American colleges and universities is the common application which requires a general admissions essay in addition to any supplemental admissions essays required by a member of an institution.

 

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Writing a thesis Sentence


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This is the summary of your entire thesis in one line. It asserts ones point, suggests the evidence and structures the argument of your essay. A good thesis sentence will pique the curiosity of the reader. It should inspire in some way, either by staking a claim, setting up an argument, or setting a scene. One should make his/her essay irresistible with a great thesis sentence. There are several functions of thesis sentence and the major one is to summarize ones paper in one sentence leading to a more tightly-constructed, concise and readable essay.

A thesis sentence should be inserted as the last sentence of the introduction which will act as a summary of everything one was writing. The thesis sentence should also be underlined and should always appear as the most last line of the introduction.

In every essay, a thesis sentence serves a fundermental purpose and cannot be ignored. Knowing how to write a good thesis sentence is an additional trick to attaining that high grade in your essay.

When writing on any topic, comprehensive research is key to obtain the facts right. With your research over and ready to begin your essay, a thesis sentence will make your work much easier, giving you a guideline to your writing. At essayhelp247, we can help you achieve the best grade on any subject. Get an original custom written essay from scratch by our professional writers at discounted rates.

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Writing a custom college essay


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College essays are information or data needed from students by their professor in different subjects. College essay writing is a rather complicated academic process for the students who study at colleges. To write a good college essay paper means to be a good college essay writer with perfect essay writing abilities and skills. Mostly, few students are good at college essay and most of them need online college essay and assistance. A custom college essay usually must:

  •         Customized deadline.
  •        Must also be checked for plagiarism and language errors

            The format of a college essay is dependent on the instructor but the basic easy format consists of three parts-introduction, body and conclusion.

  1. Introduction: this must answer three important questions which are;
  • What is the topic of your essay?
  • What are you trying to prove through the essay?
  • How would you convey your ideas to the readers?
  1. Body: it contains the main idea of the essay.
  2. Conclusion: it should convince the reader to agree with your ideas. The best way to write a good conclusion is to re-emphasize the point you have mentioned in the introductory paragraph.

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Writing a research proposal


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A research proposal is a document written by a researcher that provides a detailed description of the proposed program. It is like an outline of the entire research process that gives a reader a summary of the information discussed in a project. The research proposal is written before the research is done and it acts as a guideline when the real research starts. Its after performing the research when a report is written which differs with some features compared to the proposal. They are usually written in future tense.

The format includes:

  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents
  • Introduction. In it are the Topic area, Research question and significance to knowledge.
  • Literature review, this also includes previous research, others and yours
  • Methodology. It includes approach, data needs, analytical techniques and plan for interpreting results.
  • Expected results
  • Budget
  • Bibliography or references

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